UNITED KINGDOM

The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, commonly known as the United Kingdom (UK) or Britain is a sovereign country in Western Europe. Lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland, it includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland, and many smaller islands as it is the 21st-most populous country, with an estimated 62.8 million inhabitants.

UK is the fourth-most densely populated country in the European Union. The United Kingdom is also prominent in science and technology, producing world-leading scientists and inventions UK was the third country to develop a nuclear weapons arsenal (with its first atomic bomb test in 1952). The UK has been described as a “cultural superpower”.

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

The total area of the United Kingdom is approximately 242,514 square kilometres (93,638 sq. mi). The country occupies the major part of the British Isles archipelago and includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern one-sixth of the island of Ireland and some smaller surrounding islands. It lies between the North Atlantic Ocean and the North Sea with the south-east coast coming within 22 miles (35 km) of the coast of northern France, from which it is separated by the English Channel.

The United Kingdom (UK) comprises four countries: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq. mi), the UK is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world and the 11th-largest in Europe.

The capital of the UK and its largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million, the fourth-largest in Europe and second-largest in the European Union.

CLIMATE

The United Kingdom has a temperate climate, with plentiful rainfall all year round. The temperature varies with the seasons seldom dropping below −11 °C (52 °F) or rising above 35 °C (95 °F).

Summers are warmest in the south-east of England, being closest to the European mainland, and coolest in the north. Heavy snowfall can occur in winter and early spring on high ground, and occasionally settles to great depth away from the hills.

Many types of weather can be experienced in a single day. In general the climate of the UK is cool and often cloudy, and hot temperatures are infrequent.

The spring season can be experienced from March to May. Summer lasts from June to August and is the warmest and usually the sunniest season. Autumn in the United Kingdom lasts from September to November & Winter in the UK is defined as lasting from December to February. The season is generally cool, wet and windy.

LANGUAGE
The UK's official language is English. It is estimated that 95% of the UK's population are monolingual English speakers. The rest of 5% of the population are estimated to speak languages brought to the UK as a result of relatively recent immigration.
South Asian languages, including Punjabi, Urdu, Hindi, Bengali, Tamil and Gujarati, are the largest grouping and are spoken by 2.7% of the UK population. These languages are mainly from South Asia and Eastern Europe.
CURRENCY
The pound sterling (symbol: £) commonly known as the pound, is the official currency of the United Kingdom. The pound sterling is the world's oldest currency still in use and which has been in continuous use since its inception. Sterling is the fourth most-traded currency in the foreign exchange market and also the third most-held reserve currency in global reserves.
The frequently used Coins are: 1p, 2p, 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p, £1, £2 and the frequently used bank notes are: £5, £10, £20 and £50.
ECONOMY
The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. The UK is considered to have a high-income economy and is categorised as very high in the Human Development Index, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries.
The UK has a partially regulated market economy. Based on market exchange rates, the UK is the fifth-largest economy in the world and the second-largest in Europe after Germany. The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity.

ECONOMY DATA

2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Population (million)63.363.764.164.564.9
GDP per capita (USD)41,04941,43642,36646,41243,890
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)2.01.22.22.92.3
Unemployment Rate8.18.07.66.25.4
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)4.52.82.61.50.0
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)4.72.11.30.0-1.7
Exchange Rate (vs USD)1.551.631.661.561.47
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)1.601.591.561.651.53

ETHNICITY AND IMMIGRATION

There are various ethnic groups found in the Great Britain. White 87.2%, black/African/Caribbean/black British 3%, Asian/Asian British: Indian 2.3%, Asian/Asian British: Pakistani 1.9% mixed 2%, other 3.7% (2011 EST.)

Various religions such as Christian (includes Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 59.5%, Muslim 4.4%, Hindu 1.3%, other 2%, unspecified 7.2%, none 25.7% (2011 est.) Net migration rate found is 2.5 migrant(s)/1,000 populations (2016 EST)

HIGHER EDUCATION IN UNITED KINGDOM

There are three main levels of Higher Education (HE) course:
  1. Postgraduate courses leading to higher degrees, diplomas and certificates (including Doctorate, Masters (research and taught), postgraduate diplomas and certificates as well as postgraduate certificates of education (PGCE) and professional qualifications) which usually require a first degree as entry qualification.
  2. Undergraduate courses which include first degrees (honours and ordinary), first degrees with qualified teacher status, enhanced first degrees, first degrees obtained concurrently with a diploma, and intercalated first degrees (where first degree students, usually in medicine, dentistry or veterinary medicine, interrupt their studies to complete a one-year course of advanced studies in a related topic).
  3. Other undergraduate courses which include all other higher education courses, for example SVQ or NVQ: Level 5, Diploma (HNC/D level for diploma and degree holders), HND (or equivalent), HNC (or equivalent) and SVQ or NVQ: Level 4 and Diplomas in HE. As a result of the Further and Higher Education Act 1992, former polytechnics and some other HEIs were designated as universities in 1992/93. Students normally attend HE courses at HEIs, but some attend at FE colleges.

Safety

The UK was recently voted as the safest place to live while studying overseas, as part of an online opinion poll of over 800 thousand students from more than 80 countries, conducted by Education Intelligence via The Student Room online forum . The most important factor in this verdict was the UK’s rich cultural mix, followed by its lack of gun culture and good healthcare system.

Accommodation

Whilst you are staying in the UK, you will have a variety of accommodation options available to you. Your choices will depend largely on whether your college or university has halls of residence, what city you are located in, and the amount of your monthly budget.

Halls of Residence are large buildings, sometime divided into flats where you will have either a single room or share with another student. Generally the hall will provide basic furniture such as a bed, desk and chair and the rest you will have to supply.

Many international students prefer the Self Catered Halls option because it allows them the freedom to cook their own food and on their own schedule. Self-catered halls are very similar to standard halls of residence, but there is also a communal kitchen available to all hall residents.

If you move into a flat or a house, you will need to sign a tenancy agreement. A flat or house is generally more expensive than any other option, and you may find it hard to find accommodation that is close to your campus. However, many students like the freedom to live where they choose, live with whom they like and choose the type of place they want to live in.

UK for International Students

With traditions of excellence dating back hundreds of years, high class institutions in every corner and much more flexibility than many other countries, the United Kingdom has much to offer international students that other English-speaking countries cannot offer. International students have always been an important presence in the UK, and their numbers have been growing steadily over the years. In fact, the UK is now the second most popular destination for international students, behind the US.

Degrees and qualifications from UK higher education institutions are known around the world as high quality and world class. This standard of excellence is set by some of the older universities with recognizable names, such as Oxford and Cambridge, but the tradition carries through to many of the universities and colleges throughout the UK. When looking for work in the future, this can be a great selling point in your favour!

An international student in the UK is typically allowed to work up to 20 hours a week during school term, and up to full-time when school is out of term. Tuition for the majority of UK higher education institutions generally £6,000 to £7,000 a year – considerably less!

Because your degree will generally take less time to complete in the UK than in other countries, this will also save you money. Although four-year programs are increasing in popularity, most degree programs in the UK are three years, and a master program is typically between one and two years.

CAREER PATHWAYS – AFTER YOUR GRADUATION

After gaining a degree of UK you will be encouraged to take up placement opportunities during your studies as they will not only help you gain valuable industry experience but also count towards the of professional development.

A number of companies and businesses run internship schemes in partnership with Middlesex and regularly offer placements of several months or more to international students. These are often followed by a permanent appointment.

Providing the percentages of graduates who, six months after graduation, obtained a graduate job (i.e. one which normally recruits graduates), went on to further study, obtained a job but one that does not normally recruit graduates or who were unemployed.

The unemployment rate varies from 0 % (dentistry and medicine) to 15% (computer science) but for most subjects is within the range 8–12%.

In other words, for most subjects the chances of getting a job are about the same.

Interestingly, business and management studies, a subject that is often considered to be highly employable, comes out in the middle at around 11%.

For further details you can either visit us or contact us by phone, email, Skype, twitter, Facebook or through our website and lively talk to our professional counsellors.

We look forward to assisting you in the near future.

EDUCATION TEAM – OZ CONSULTANCY

Australian Education, Migration and Business Consultants