CANADA

Canada is a commonwealth country with high-tech society in the northern half of North America. Its ten provinces and three territories extend from the Atlantic to the Pacific and northward into the Arctic Ocean, covering 9.98 million square kilometers (3.85 million square miles), making it the world’s second-largest country by total area and the fourth-largest country by land area. The country is sparsely populated, with most of its 35.5 million residents living within 125 miles of the U.S. border. One third of the population lives in the three largest cities: Toronto, Vancouver and Montreal. In 2016 census its population is nearly 36 million &, and other major urban areas include Calgary, Edmonton, Quebec City, Winnipeg and Hamilton.

The maple leaf is Canada’s best-known symbol. Maple leaves were adopted as a symbol by French-Canadians in the 1700s, have appeared on Canadian uniforms and insignia since the 1850s, and are carved into the headstones of Canadian fallen soldiers buried overseas and in Canada.

GEOGRAPHICAL LOCATION

Canada is the second largest country on earth—10 million square kilometres. Three oceans line Canada’s frontiers: the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the North. The total area is 3,855,102 sq. mi (9,984,670 sq. km).

Ottawa the Capital city is home to technology. More than half of the people in Canada live in cities and towns near the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River in southern Quebec and Ontario, known as Central Canada and the industrial and manufacturing heartland.

CLIMATE

In Canada, there are four seasons: winter, spring, summer and autumn (fall). In winter, the days are short and can be quite cold.

Average winter and summer high temperatures across Canada vary from region to region. Winters can be harsh in many parts of the country, particularly in the interior and Prairie provinces, which experience a continental climate, where daily average temperatures are near −15 °C (5 °F), but can drop below −40 °C (−40 °F) with severe wind chills Central Canada and northern Canada experiences subarctic and Arctic climates, much of them arid.

Those areas are not heavily populated due to the severe climate, where it drops below −20 °C (−4 °F) on most winter days and has a very brief summer season. The northern part of the province has longer and colder winters than southern Ontario. The summer starts in June & lasts till mid of September. While the winter starts in December and lasts up to March

LANGUAGE
English (59%) and French (22%) are the two official languages and are important symbols of identity. English speakers (Anglophones) and French speakers (Francophone) have lived together in partnership and creative tension for more than 300 years. Recognized regional languages are Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, and North Slavey & South Slavey.
The other spoken languages include Punjabi 1.4%, Italian 1.3%, German 1.3%, Arabic 1.1%, other 10.5%
CURRENCY
Canada’s official currency is the Canadian dollar ($).Coins are 5¢ (Nickel), 10¢ (dime), 25¢ (quarter), $1 (dollar or “loonie”), $2 (two dollars or “toonie”). The most common paper bills are $5, $10, $20, $50 & $100.
ECONOMY
Canada has the 10th (nominal) or 15th-largest (PPP) economy in the world (measured in US dollars at market exchange rates), is one of the world's wealthiest nations, and is a member of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) and Group of Seven. Canada has a modern, prosperous and developed market economy with GDP (PPP) $46,199 Per capita.
Canada has a sizable manufacturing sector, based in Central Canada, with the automobile industry and aircraft industry being especially important.

ECONOMY DATA

2011
2012
2013
2014
2015
Population (million)34.334.735.135.535.9
GDP per capita (USD)52,16552,55252,33750,32743,276
Economic Growth (GDP, annual variation in %)3.11.72.22.51.2
Unemployment Rate7.57.37.16.96.9
Inflation Rate (CPI, annual variation in %)2.91.50.91.91.1
Inflation (PPI, annual variation in %)6.91.10.42.5-0.9
Exchange Rate (vs USD)1.020.991.061.161.38
Exchange Rate (vs USD, aop)0.991.001.031.101.28

ETHNICITY AND IMMIGRATION

By ancestry, 2011 Census, the total population of Pakistani Canadian is 155,310. Canadian comprise of 32.2%, English 19.8%, and French 15.5%

Percentages add up to more than 100% because respondents were able to identify more than one ethnic origin (2011 EST.) Most Pakistanis who immigrated to Canada are Punjabis, Kashmiris, Sindhis, Balochis or Muhajirs. There is, however, a sizable population of Pashtuns living on Canada’s west coast, mainly in Vancouver.

Canada currently has one of the highest per capita immigration rates in the world, driven by economic policy and family reunification. Canada also resettles over one in ten of the world’s refugees. Approximately 41% of Canadians are of either the first or second-generation, means one out of every five Canadians currently living in Canada was not born in the country.

HIGHER EDUCATION IN CANADA

Higher Education System

Tertiary education in Canada is evolving with every year passing which makes Canada vastly appealing to international students. There is no federal department of education and no national system of education. Instead, each province and territory has its own system of education. The educational systems are generally similar across Canada with some variations between provinces and territories. The Literacy rate in Canada is 99% (2011 EST.). Higher education runs by individual provinces through membership of “Association of Universities & Colleges of Canada”. There is a group of 13 top degree awarding institution in Canada that are all included in Qs world ranking. The provinces Ontario, British Columbia and Quebec are the major concerns for international students and home for many opportunities as well.

International Recognition

Canada is internationally respected for its high quality education & life. All Canadian universities are ranked amongst the world’s best by QS World University Rankings and in Global ranking as well. Canada is the 2nd best country (out of 80 according to US news) for education as all the top universities of Canada lies in top 500 universities in 2016.

Safety

Canada adopted a national policy of multiculturalism, which celebrates the country’s diversity. In the 2016 Global Peace Index, Canada was ranked 8th and 22nd out of 190 in Ease of Doing Business 2017. “Narrower class differences, leading to reduced economic tensions among different earning groups” helped make Canada a safe place to live.

Canada for International Students

The breathtaking scenery and inspiring natural surroundings provide the perfect setting for tuning into nature, learning about it, appreciating it, respecting it and pledging to protect it. Canada is a vast country with scenic grandeur on a magnificent scale. From Atlantic to Pacific and the U.S. border to the Arctic, splendor is on display. Though it’s a crowded and commercialized country, still, it has some natural wonders that need to be experienced with fantastic views.

Accommodation

Students who wish for an excellent quality education and a fantastic lifestyle will find that Canada perfectly fits the bill on both accounts. Homestays, flatting and hostels are some good options for international students. Numerous hotels are at ones disposal once you arrive at your Canadian destination. Canadian hotels, like those in other developed countries, offer private rooms, a buffet and daily cleaning services. It’s always wise to make a reservation prior to your departure, especially during the busy seasons Aug-May where most of the hotels are booked and definitely more expensive. Depending at the location of the University Campus, student tends to seek for apartment in that area or close to avoid daily transportation costs. Usually, the University itself provides its international students with lists of suitable rent alternatives nearby.

AFTER GRADUATION

Canadian education system allows students with opportunities post education by providing for a Graduate Job Search Visa. The purpose is to upgrade their career effectively by applying for various job opportunities related to their studies and make the most of their education completed in Canada.

Students are eligible for off campus work permit 20 hours/week during their studies and full time during scheduled breaks. Upon completion of studies graduates are eligible to apply for full time post graduate work permits anywhere across Canada (up to 3 years) & for permanent residency options in Canada. There may be other temporary or permanent visas that you are eligible for when you have completed your studies.

If you would like to research these options, we recommend you to visit the Immigration Canada website (http://www.cic.gc.ca). For further details you can either visit us or contact us by phone, email, Skype, twitter, Facebook or through our website and lively talk to our professional counsellors. We look forward to assisting you in the near future.

EDUCATION TEAM – OZ CONSULTANCY

Australian Education, Migration and Business Consultants